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Angina is one of the most common cardiac conditions. It’s a pain or an uncomfortable feeling when blood flow to your heart is reduced. It's not dangerous but it can be a sign of heart problem, like coronary heart disease. It's usually felt in your chest. Some people feel the pain in their arm, neck, stomach, back or jaw.

What are the symptoms of Angina?


Angina usually feels like pressure, tightness or squeezing in your chest. This can feel painful or like a dull ache. You might also feel it in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, back or stomach.  

Other symptoms of angina can include:​

  • Fatigue

  • Dizziness (Syncope)

  • Sweating

  • Feeling sick

  • Shortness of breath

What causes Angina? 


The most common cause is coronary heart disease. This is when the arteries that supply your heart muscle with blood and oxygen are narrowed by a fatty substance called plaque. It means less blood flows to your heart muscle and can cause angina symptoms. 
There are common triggers for angina pain, like:

• Physical Activity

• Emotional Stress

• Cold Weather

• Eating a heavy meal

How is Angina diagnosed?


Your doctor may be able to tell whether you have angina from your symptoms. Or, they may want to do a health check  or send you for some tests such as :

  • An ECG (Electrocardiogram)

  • Coronary Angiogram or CT Coronary Angiogram

  • Echocardiogram or other heart scans

What’s the treatment for Angina?

  • Medication, such as nitrate sprays, patches and pills may help control your symptoms. Your doctor might also suggest you take medication to reduce your risk of a heart attack or stroke.

  • Simple lifestyle changes may help reduce your symptoms of angina, improve your overall health and reduce your risk of a heart attack in the future.

More information:

For more information about Angina, you can find guides about Angina by the British Heart Foundation or the NHS.

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