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About Primary Prevention

The aim of Primary Prevention is to reduce the risk of developing symptomatic heart problems. This can be done by identifying Somebody’s risk factors. Risk factors are conditions or habits that make a person more at risk of developing heart problems.


Heart disease is the biggest cause of death in the UK each year, some of these death are preventable. By identifying people’s risk factors and empowering them to make positive changes they can reduce the risk of heart disease affecting their lives. As a by-product, people’s overall health will improve due to the focus put on diet, exercise and lifestyle.

Tom Hastings
Cardiac Rehabilitation & Prevention Nurse Specialist

Who is Primary Prevention for?

Our programmes have been put together for people who suffer from or who are at risk of:

    • High blood pressure (top number more than 140)
    • High cholesterol (total cholesterol more than 5.2)
    • Diabetes – Type 1 and 2
    • Smoking – Current or stopped within last 5 years
    • Being overweight (BMI more than 25)
    • Having family history of heart disease – sibling, parent or grandparent
    • Age / Gender  – Men older than 45, women older than 55
    • Stress / Anxiety – prolonged high levels
    • Ethnicity – where people come from, e.g. South Asian
    • Being physically inactive – less than 150 minutes per week
    • Excessive Alcohol – 3 to 4 units per day for men, women 2 to 3 units per day

BMI healthy weight calculator

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